IDENTIFICATION OF A PERSON'S IDENTITY
Prior to the issuance and delivery of a certificate, it is required to verify the Applicant's identity by presenting the valid original of one of the following documents:
Spanish Nationality: ➢ National Identity Card or Passport.
Foreigners from the EU or EEA: ➢ Passport or identity card of the holder's country and Certificate of Foreigner's Identity Number (NIE).
Non-EU or EEA foreigners resident in Spain: ➢ Residence Card or Foreigner's Identity Card with photograph of the holder.
Non-EU and non-EEA foreigners: ➢ Passport For foreign identity documents, A Hague Apostille will be requested and a sworn translation may be requested if necessary.
Certificates cannot be issued to unemancipated minors, legally incapacitated in whole or in part, or when there are reasonable suspicions that the applicant is not in possession of his or her full mental capacity. The control over the e-mail address included in the application for a certificate is checked by communicating a random value that will be required at the time of certificate generation and download.
This check will be carried out exclusively by the CA, so it cannot be delegated.
The identity of an individual may be verified using any of the methods set out in the European eIDAS Regulation (Art. 24) and in accordance with national law. (Art. 7 Law 6/2020).
ØThe usual method is usually face-to-face verification.
This requires the physical appearance of the Applicant before an Operator of the Certification Authority, Registration Authority or Verification Point.
Ø ALTERNATIVELY, methods other than the above can be chosen:
- The Applicant may alternatively choose to appear before a Notary Public and submit the application for the issuance of the certificate with his signature authenticated in the presence of a notary's presence. The notarial act may be used by any person.
- Any applicant can identify themselves by means of another qualified
certificate issued by the Camerfirma CA, for which the physical personation or a notified electronic identification was used, for the identification of the Applicant, as long as it is confirmed to the Provider that the personalisation took place less than five years ago.
In such cases the Applicant shall sign a declaration of responsibility.
- Nationally recognised identification methods can also be used which provide equivalent security in terms of reliability to physical presence.
Equivalent security shall be confirmed by a conformity assessment body. Camerfirma has a Video Identification method (VideoID) based on the video conference procedure authorised by the Executive Service of the Commission for the Prevention of Money Laundering and Monetary Offences, and is recognised in other European Union Member States for the issuance of qualified certificates.
The Ministry has not published the list of certifying authorities.
**Example of special situation where alternative methods of identification to face-to-face verification are used:
The Applicant is a physically disabled person and requires a notary to come to his or her home to identify him or her. The notary, as a law officer, verifies the veracity of the act, confirms the identity of the applicant and his or her willingness to request the issuance of his certificate by drawing up a record. The same notary will also certify copy of the user's DNI (National Identity Card).
As opposed to a person who is legally incapacitated in whole or in part, who does not have the capacity to sign. In his or her case, such a person will have a legal guardian with powers of attorney to represent him/her. The verification can never be carried out in person by the representative of the incapacitated person, since if he/she cannot sign, he/she will not be able to obtain a digital certificate. In these cases, the certificate is made out in the name of the legal guardian.